ORCHARDS

Valente offers a winning solution for the creation of orchard. Valente orchard structures are designed to stand the test of time and take considerable weight: actually an orchard crop never yields less than 40 tonnes of fruit.

In particular, Valente furnishes solutions for the installation of the plants for the orchard, in which the forms are standardized at an international level: Spindel, Superspindel, V form, Bikadò Y form, Pergola.

Spindel

Training method consisting of a strong frame made up of posts placed 6 m (max. 8,00 m if the installation has an antihail covering) apart and sticking out at least 3.2 m above the ground. 4 parallel wires are tied between them to support the plants, which are planted with a 0.5-1m spacing. To support the lowest branches, a pair of parallel wires are installed approx. at 0.80 m off the ground and set 0.80 m apart. The distance between rows usually varies in the range from 3 m to 3.5 m.

 

Characteristics:
Low training systems facilitating operations such as pruning, harvesting, treatment
The plant is well shaped (no need to select, prune or reconstitute the fruit-bearing branches)
Low system costs
Excellent product quality
Up until 4.000 plants per hectare

Superspindel

In the Superspindel structure the plants are made up of a principal trunk with short branches having a max h of 2,50-2,80 m. The plants are placed along rows with a distance of 0,40 m and are supported by a strong row  posts of 5,00 m and three parallel wires. The crop is concentrated along the main axis, allowing improved fruit size. Observing the correct ratio between row spacing/plant height (h plant ≤ width rows ) you will improve the sun exposure, hence better fruit colour. Keeping plants close to each other, you will get a growthing slowdown and improves vigour control which determines the growth-retardant effect on plants.

 

Characteristics:
Better product quality
Growth-regulating effect on plants
Lower orchard operating costs pruning, tying, harvesting
The structure is not particularly high, therefore it is more stable
Pesticide drift is limited
Up until 13.000 plants per hectare

V System

Plants are planted in the ground with a 0.50 m spacing between them and angled alternately to the right and left so as to form a V-shaped structure. It consists of a strong row of posts placed 6 m apart with a row spacing of 3.2-3.5 m. To ensure that the crop canopy is at the right angle, an arm is fitted on each post measuring 1.35 m across and 2 wires measuring 2.7 mm in diameter are run from the ends.

 

Characteristics:
Excellent sunlight exposure
Vigour is balanced
No damage due to friction
Structure with low centre of gravity:simplyfing the operations
Low operating costs
Up until 6.000 plants per hectare

Bikadò Y System

Training method resembling the V system but with a double canopy obtained from a single plant, with two to four main branches trained along the system at an angle. The structure is made up poles with a distance between them of 6,00 m and distance between rows of 3,50-4,00 m. To ensure that the crop canopy is at the right angle, a pair of arms is fitted on each post width 1,20 m, towards the bottom,. 0,80 m at the two ends of the rows diameter 2,80-3,15 mm and bamboo sticks are positioned, thus forming the angled trellis to which the plants will be fastened.

 

Characteristics:
Cheap system costs
Excellent sunlight exposure
Balanced vigour
Good exposure of fruit
No damage due to friction
Easy harvesting procedure
Up until 3.000 plants per hectare

Pergola System

There are two structure typologies for the Pergola: the double curved Pergola and the  double straight Pergola.

Double curved: the structure consists of posts spaced 5,00 m apart and rows spaced 4,50-5,00 m apart. The above ground height of posts is 2,00 m. Curved and 2-meter-wide jibs are placed at their ends to support the branches and shape plants as arches. Four steel wires passing through the jibs create the support for the fruit-bearing branches, whilst two additional wires hold up the  plant trunk and the plastic irrigation tube respectively.
 
Characteristics:
Tree with a balanced number of fruit-bearing canes
Simple pruning procedure
Homogeneous growth of the plant
Very good quality of fruit

 

Double straight: the structure consists of posts spaced 5,00 m apart and rows spaced 4,5-5,0 m apart. The above ground height of the posts is of at least 2,00 m (with anti-hail net at least 4,00 m). At the same level a branch supporting jib is placed the width of which may range from 1,50 to 2,00 m (depending on the width of the rows). It is responsible for the particular shape of the plant. Two steel wires, measuring 3,50 mm each (when jibs are 1,50 and 1,80 m large), pass through the ends of the jibs to support the fruit-bearing branches, whilst two additional wires support the trunk and the plastic irrigation tube respectively. The curved arm is replaced by a straight one, for different winter pruning.

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Contact Us

Call us at (01227) 723007 or email - sales@valentepali.co.uk

 

Please ask for Nick Kingsman

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